If you're walking down East 136th Street between Willis Avenue and Brook Avenue in the Mott Haven section of the Bronx, you'll likely find yourself intrigued by the striking row of townhouses and tenements that line the thoroughfare known as the Bertine Block Historic District. It's the “brick work and architectural detail” that “knocks people out” says Professor Lloyd Ultan, Bronx borough historian and author of The Bronx: The Ultimate Guide to New York City's Beautiful Borough.
Although there are 31 buildings in the historic district (including numbers 408 to 412 which were the first to be built there in the 1870s), the real architectural standouts, and the structures that gave the block its name, are the 20 built by developer Edward D. Bertine.
The first rowhouses were built on the Bertine block in 1871, but further development had to wait until “after the 1880s when the Third Avenue elevated rapid transit line opened nearby, connecting the mainland with the Manhattan business district,” per Ultan’s book.
Read on for more interesting facts about Bertine block both from back then and from now:
1. The U.S. Capitol Dome and Civil War cannons were made in Mott Haven, not far from Bertine block.
In 1670, two brothers—Colonel Lewis Morris and his brother, Captain Richard Morris—bought property from Jonas Bronck, the first European to settle in the Bronx and the man who gave his name to the borough. The land the Morris family bought was called Morrisania and included what are now the neighborhoods of Morrisania, Melrose, Mott Haven, and Port Morris, according to the LPC. In 1828, one of the brothers’ descendants, Gouverneur Morris II, sold a plot of his inherited land on the Harlem River at Third Avenue to Jordan L. Mott. Mott, the inventor of a coal-burning iron cooking stove, built an iron works plant there and established a new community around it, naming the area Mott Haven.
Mott built a home near his foundry, and in 1850, in order to attract other industries to his new fiefdom, he laid out a canal that allowed boats to travel as far inland as 138th Street. By the end of the 1800s, the area was bustling with lumber yards, saw mills, stone yards and several piano factories.
2. Its most exquisite houses were built by a former Manhattan milkman.
The aforementioned Edward D. Bertine was a milk-dealer-turned-builder in the late 1800s. East 136th was his first venture into the realm of real estate development.
He built his first 10 houses—numbers 414 to 432—on spec on the south side of the street. Bertine and his family moved into number 416.
All were designed in the Queen Anne style, primarily of beige brick and stone with decorative trims of brick, stone and stained glass. The houses had flat roofs, gables, a variety of window designs and tall chimneys. Each of the homes were three stories tall, with a front parlor and rear dining room on the first floor, two rooms on the second and four rooms on the top floor, according to the LPC report.
The rest of the Bertine homes on the block were built in two groups. Six of them, built in 1892, are in the Romanesque Revival style with high stoops and wrought iron railings and the final four, built in1895, are in the Renaissance Revival style and were constructed as two-family homes. The Bertine rowhouses were bought by middle-class New Yorkers, some professionals and some of whom commuted to work in Manhattan, most likely via the Third Avenue El.
A view of the block in 1897. Courtesy Landmarks Preservation Commission
3. The 10 most beautiful houses on the block were designed by the architect famous for the Apollo Theater.
Although Bertine chose two little-known architects for his final two groups of homes, for the first he chose a well-known architect of the time, George Keister. Keister built several Broadway theaters and at least four in the Bronx. Although most have since been demolished, three that still remain in Manhattan are the Belasco on West 44th Street (known as the Stuyvesant when first built) ; the Selwyn on West 42nd Street (now the American Airlines Theater), and Harlem’s Apollo Theater on West 125th Street.
Three other buildings of his are still standing as well: the First Baptist Church on Broadway and West 79th Street that he built at around the same time as the Bertine homes; the Gerard Hotel on West 44th Street and 9 East 90th Street, now a part of the Cooper-Hewitt museum but once the home of the McAlpin family, who built several impressive homes for themselves in the area a decade before Andrew Carnegie ever did.
4. Some of the homes on the Bertine block have two street numbers.
If you walk down the block and take a close look, you will see that some of the homes have two street numbers. One, which is in stained glass, predates 1907, the other came later.
Here’s why: Before 1907, the line dividing east and west in the Bronx was considered to be the Harlem River and buildings were numbered accordingly. According to The Bronx: The Ultimate Guide to New York City's Beautiful Borough, after 1907, the Bronx Borough President changed all that and made Jerome Avenue the dividing line instead—hence two number designations for homes that were built before 1907.
Interesting fact: Jerome Avenue is the dividing line if you are going to make the longitudinal halfway point extend up from Manhattan; it is not the geographic halfway point in the Bronx.
5. Modern day Bertines are building new apartments and attracting new residents to a changing Mott Haven.
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